Michigan Rivers Inventory, Darcy Groundwater Movement Model, Version 2, Michigan Department of Natural Resources Fisheries Division Institute for Fisheries Research, School of Natural Resources and Environment, University of Michigan, Raster Dataset, Published 19991104

Metadata also available as

Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
The Michigan Rivers Inventory at the School of Natural Resources and Environment, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan & the Michigan Department of Natural Resources Fisheries Division Institute for Fisheries Research
Publication_Date: 19991104
Title:
Michigan Rivers Inventory, Darcy Groundwater Movement Model, Version 2, Michigan Department of Natural Resources Fisheries Division Institute for Fisheries Research, School of Natural Resources and Environment, University of Michigan, Raster Dataset, Published 19991104
Edition: Version 2.0 - Buffer Algorithm
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: raster digital data
Publication_Information:
Other_Citation_Details:
This information was first published in

Wiley M.J., Kohler S.L., and P.W. Seelbach. 1997. Reconciling landscape and local views of aquatic communities: lessons from Michigan Trout Streams. Freshwater Biology 37:133-148.

Please contact Dr. Matthew Baker or Dr. Mike Wiley (at the University of Michigan, School of Natural Resources and Environment 430 East University Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1115) or Dr. Paul Seelbach (Institute for Fisheries Research, 212 Museums Annex Building, 1109 North University Ave., Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1084) for additional information on this Darcy Model.

Online_Linkage:
\\FIS-SZABOL\E$\DWA_v1\Waters\Streams\GIS_Layers\Darcy_1.0\darcy_100m.tif
Larger_Work_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
M.E. Baker, M.J. Wiley (School of Natural Resources and Environment, The Univeristy of Michigan, 430 East University, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1115) and P.W. Seelbach (Institute for Fisheries Research, 212 Museums Annex Building, 1109 North University Ave., Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-1084).
Publication_Date: 19991104
Title:
GIS-based models of potential groundwater loading in glaciated landscapes: consideration and development in Lower Michigan.
Edition: Version 2
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: raster digital data
Other_Citation_Details:
Publication detailing the Darcy Potential Groundwater Movement Model to be available soon as a Michigan Department of Natural Resources Fisheries Research Report. IN press.
Description:
Abstract:
Biological, chemical, and physical attributes of aquatic ecosystems are often strongly influenced by groundwater delivery. However, predictions of groundwater contributions to rivers, lakes, and wetlands at a scale useful to resource managers are generally lacking. With this model, we implement and validate a simple, terrain-based approach for predicting groundwater delivery to streams and other surface water systems using mapped data within a GIS environment. Model output was calculated in units of m day-1 for every 100 m2 grid cell across Lower Michigan.
Purpose:
This dataset was developed to acknowledge and quantify shallow subsurface water contributions to the physical and chemical charcter of aquatic ecosystems. This model describes an approach that has been useful in describing the spatial variation in shallow or local groundwater contributions to general patterns of stream flow, thermal characteristics, and biotic communities at hundreds of specific sites across Lower Michigan. Such terrain-based ground water modeling can provide the regional "big picture" perspective many resource managers, planners, and policy makers require.
Supplemental_Information:
This dataset was created and released by the Michigan Rivers Inventory (a long-term collaborative effort between the School of Natural Resources and Environment at the University of Michigan & the Michigan Department of Natural Resources Fisheries Division Institute for Fisheries Research). It was first published as part of:

Wiley M.J., Kohler S.L., and P.W. Seelbach. 1997. Reconciling landscape and local views of aquatic communities: lessons from Michigan Trout Streams. Freshwater Biology 37:133-148.

Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 1999
Currentness_Reference: publication date
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: None planned
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -86.930855
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -82.189390
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 45.841532
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 41.221634
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Theme_Keyword: Hydrology
Theme_Keyword: GIS-based models
Theme_Keyword: groundwater movement
Theme_Keyword: rivers
Theme_Keyword: aquatic ecosystems
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Place_Keyword: Michigan
Place_Keyword: Lower Peninsula
Place_Keyword: glaciated landscapes
Temporal:
Temporal_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Temporal_Keyword: current
Access_Constraints:
Use this dataset, but please familiarize yourself with its background and creation. When using this dataset, please cite it as such: Baker, ME., M.J. Wiley, and P.W. Seelbach. 2003. GIS-based models of potential groundwater loading in glaciated landscapes: considerations and development in Lower Michigan. Michigan Department of Natural Resources Fisheries Research Report. In press.

This document explains the development of the various Darcy Models.

Use_Constraints:
This dataset represents our most current information on the groundwater delivery potential in Lower Michigan as of 1999 at the resolution at which it was created. It may be used, but understand that you use it at your own risk. Neither the Michigan Rivers Inventory, nor the School of Natural Resources and Environment nor the Michigan Department of Natural Resources Fisheries Division's Institute for Fisheries Research are liable for any damages that may result in use of this dataset.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Dr. Paul Seelbach
Contact_Organization:
Michigan DNR, Fisheries Division, Institute for Fisheries Research
Contact_Position: MI DNR Fisheries Division, Head of Research
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 212 Museums Annex Building, 1109 North University Ave.
City: Ann Arbor
State_or_Province: Michigan
Postal_Code: 48109-1084
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 734 /663-3554 x 108
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 734/ 663-9399
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: seelbacp@michigan.gov
Hours_of_Service: Monday - Friday 8:00 am - 5:00 pm
Contact_Instructions: Please call or email with questions.
Data_Set_Credit:
The original process to evaluate the Darcy Model was defined using multiple datasets by Dr. Matthew Baker, now a Postdoctoral Fellow at the Smithsonian Environmental Research Center.
Native_Data_Set_Environment:
ESRI ARC/INFO 7.1 environment on an UNIX Platform, SPARC 20 Machines

Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
The grid values produced by this DARCY model (velocity = length*time-1) represent only the potential velocities to a surface location. The models contain no information about the actual distribution or transport of water - values should be treated principally as an index of potential groundwater delivery. For visualization purposes, the model output values could be usefully scaled in standard deviations from their mean value across Lower Michigan. Validation was indirect because these potential velocities were not directly measurable in the field. To the extent that these models successfully identified locations where groundwater loading to surface systems could occur, groundwater related attributes of the surface water systems could be used to test model predictions of spatial patterning. Likewise, we expected that model predictions should correspond to spatial patterns in statistical summaries of instantaneous groundwater delivery rates. Given the resolution of the input DEMs, this dataset may be better suited for catchment-scale predictions and not local site predictions.
Quantitative_Attribute_Accuracy_Assessment:
Attribute_Accuracy_Explanation:
Watershed summaries and channel buffer summaries were related to baseflow yield and water temperatures. Areal summaries were found to be more reliable predictors than single cell values.
Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report: Refer to the horizontal accuracy of each dataset.
Quantitative_Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Assessment:
Vertical_Positional_Accuracy:
Quantitative_Vertical_Positional_Accuracy_Assessment:
Lineage:
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Source_Scale_Denominator: not applicable
Type_of_Source_Media: chart
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: Maximum conductivity values for glacial drift
Source_Contribution:
Hydraulic conductivity was assigned based upon texture inferred from composition of each geologic formation in Michigan.

Interpreted from the following sources:

Bedient, P.B. and Huber, W.C. 1989. Hydrology and Floodplain Analysis. Addison-Wesley Publishing. Reading, Massachusetts.

Davis, S.N. and DeWiest, R.J. 1966. Hydrogeology. John Wiley and Sons. New York, New York.

Dorr, J.A. and Eschmann, D.F. 1990. The Geology of Michigan. University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.

Dunn, T. and Leopold, L.B. 1978. Water in environmental planning. W.H. Freeman and Co., New York.

Freeze, R.A. and Cherry, J.A. 1979. Groundwater. Prentice-Hall, Inc. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey.

Todd, D.K. 1976. Groundwater Hydrology. John Wiley and Sons. New York, New York.

Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Farrand W.R. and D.L. Bell. State of Michigan Department of Natural Resources, Geological Survey
Publication_Date: 1982
Title: Quaternary Geology of Michigan
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: map
Other_Citation_Details: Color Map
Source_Scale_Denominator: 1:250,000
Type_of_Source_Media: coverage/shapefile (?)
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 1982
Source_Currentness_Reference: publication date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: 1:250,000 Suficial Geology
Source_Contribution:
From:

Farrand, W.R. and D.L. Bell. 1982. Quaternary Geology of Michigan. State of Michigan Department of Natural Resources, Geological Survey, Map (color).

Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: United States Geological Survey
Publication_Date: 1997
Title: USGS DEM 1:100,000 DEM
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: raster digital data
Source_Scale_Denominator: 1:100,000
Type_of_Source_Media: electronic bulletin board
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 1997
Source_Currentness_Reference: publication date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: USGS DEM
Source_Contribution: USGS DEM downloaded from the website, 1999(?)
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
This version of the Darcy Model was created using a 1-ha (1:100,000) Digital Elevation Model (DEM; USGS 1997) in an ARC/INFO environment on a UNIX platform (see Wiley et al. 1997 for a conceptual overview and preliminary validation). The hydraulic conductivity grid was derived using a map of surficial geology (1:250,000) (Farrand and Bell 1982) and published maximum conductivity values for glacial drift (Davis and DeWiest 1966; Dunn and Leopold 1972; Todd 1976; Freeze and Cherry 1979; Bedient and Huber 1989; Dorr and Eschman 1990).

This model employed a simple neighborhood filter ("buffer algorithm"). Differences between each target DEM cell elevation and the maximum DEM elevation in a circular "buffer" with a 4-km radius were noted as hydraulic slope. These elevation differentials were dividied by the buffer radius for head estimates and multiplied by the conductivity value of each cell. The value of the resulting target pixel represents an estimate of potential groundwater velocity for fluxes from adjacent uplands to the surface of that target cell.

Four-kilometer neighborhoods were used because they represented the greatest distance in a series of observed associations between known major seepage areas and adjacent topographic relief. This model did not incorporate actual water table elevations; DEM neighborhood information was used as a surrogate for maximum proximate water table elevation relative to the focal surface elevation because it was determined that surface topography averaged over broad landscapes provided a constraint on maximum potential flow.

Model output was computed as a velocity value (m day-1) for each 100 m2 grid cell across Lower Michigan. Please refer to the document included in the citation information which contains much greater detail.

Process_Date: 1999
Process_Time: unknown
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Dr. Paul W. Seelbach
Contact_Organization:
Michigan Department of Natural Resources Fisheries Division, Institute for Fisheries Research
Contact_Position:
Michigan Department of Natural Resources Fisheries Division, Head of Research
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 212 Museusm Annex Bldg, 1109 North University Ave.
City: Ann Arbor
State_or_Province: MI
Postal_Code: 48109-1084
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 734/ 663-3554 x108
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 734/ 663-9399
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: seelbacp@michigan.gov
Hours_of_Service: Monday - Friday 8:00 am - 5:00pm
Contact_Instructions: Please call or email with questions.

Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Raster
Raster_Object_Information:
Raster_Object_Type: Pixel
Row_Count: 5068
Column_Count: 3685
Vertical_Count: 1

Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Planar:
Map_Projection:
Map_Projection_Name: Oblique Mercator
Oblique_Mercator:
Scale_Factor_at_Center_Line: 0.999600
Oblique_Line_Azimuth:
Azimuthal_Angle: 337.255560
Azimuth_Measure_Point_Longitude: -86.000000
Latitude_of_Projection_Origin: 45.309167
False_Easting: 2546731.496000
False_Northing: -4354009.816000
Planar_Coordinate_Information:
Planar_Coordinate_Encoding_Method: row and column
Coordinate_Representation:
Abscissa_Resolution: 100.000000
Ordinate_Resolution: 100.000000
Planar_Distance_Units: meters
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: North American Datum of 1983
Ellipsoid_Name: Geodetic Reference System 80
Semi-major_Axis: 6378137.000000
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.257222

Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: Band_1
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: ObjectID
Attribute_Definition: Internal feature number.
Attribute_Definition_Source: ESRI
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain:
Sequential unique whole numbers that are automatically generated.

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Dr. Paul Seelbach
Contact_Organization: Inistitute for Fisheries Research, MI DNR Fisheries Division
Contact_Position: MI DNR Fisheries Division, Head of Research
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 212 Museums Annex Bldg., 1109 North University Ave.
City: Ann Arbor
State_or_Province: Michigan
Postal_Code: 48109-1084
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 734/ 663-3554 x 108
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 734/ 663-9399
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: seelbacp@michigan.gov
Hours_of_Service: Monday - Friday 8:00 - 5:00pm
Contact_Instructions: Please call or email with questions.
Resource_Description:
Dataset available by request and also by download. Visit the State of Michigan's Geographic Data Library.for more information: <http://www.state.mi.us/webapp/cgi/mgdl/?rel=thext&action=thmname&cid=3&cat=100+meter+Darcy>
Distribution_Liability:
The School of Natural Resources and Environment Univeristy of Michigan, Ann Arbor, and the MI DNR Fisheries Division and Institute for Fisheries Research assumes no liability for use or conclusions drawn from these data.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Transfer_Size: 1.302
Fees: no fee
Ordering_Instructions:
Please call or email with a request and we will answer as soon as we can.
Turnaround: as time permits
Available_Time_Period:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: unknown
Time_of_Day: unknown

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20030501
Metadata_Review_Date: as needed
Metadata_Future_Review_Date: as needed
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Lidia Szabo
Contact_Organization:
Institute for Fisheries Research, MI DNR Fisheries Division & the School of Natural Resources and Environment at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
Contact_Position: Digital Water Atlas Grant Position
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 212 Museums Annex Bldg., 1109 North University Ave.
City: Ann Arbor
State_or_Province: Michigan
Postal_Code: 48109-1084
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 734/ 663-3554 x 114
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 734/ 663-9399
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: szabol@michigan
Hours_of_Service: Monday - Friday 8:00 am - 5:00 pm
Contact_Instructions: Please call or email with questions.
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
Metadata_Access_Constraints: None
Metadata_Use_Constraints: None
Metadata_Extensions:
Online_Linkage: <http://www.esri.com/metadata/esriprof80.html>
Profile_Name: ESRI Metadata Profile

Generated by mp version 2.7.3 on Thu May 01 08:25:08 2003